Child Care

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1. Describe what you understand by the term ‘positive environment’ and identify regulatory requirements that underpin a positive environment for children and young people. Whatever age group or setting you are working with, you must plan an environment that encourages the development of the whole child. First of all you think about the different settings that children aged 2-4 years may experience. The settings have both indoor and outdoor work spaces that need to be through about. The set out of the physical environment is my team’s responsibility and help to giving each child positive outcomes in their learning, and development.

The available space will influence the way the furniture and equipment is set out. While it is important to create an positive environment, everything should be safe, secure and have purpose that supports each area of the children. A positive environment for children and young people must be a safe place to work in, so a number of legal health and safety requirements are in place. Whatever the layout, policies and proceduresguide the working practice of the us and make sure the requirement are carried. 2. Explain how to effectively care for children and young people’s skin, hair and teeth.

To effectively care for children or younh people’s skin , hair and teeth in the work place is to maintan that there is correct faculites for the child to clean they hands after using the toilet and if they have be doing messy play activies and also before snack time too . Also show the children the different taps that blue means cold and red mean hot so they do not burn themselves, setting children should not be using warm water unsupervised . For they teeth to make sure that we are giving them milk at drinks time to help teeth and bones grow strong . The hair to maintan that all hair is check for nits and tie up . 3.

Why is it important for children and young people to have a balance of physical activity and rest periods in order to maintain mental well being? It is important for children to have balance of physical activity because children enjoy running around playing chase, throwing , catching and climbing . Physical play helps children to develop muscles , stamina and coordintation of their movements. It can help childdrem to develop an awareness of space and give them confidence. Also children need resting period as they are only young and also they are still growing . 4. What are the basic nutritional requirements of children and young people?

Relate these to the government guidelines for healthy eating. The basic nutritional requirements of children and young are to have carbohydrates , fats ,proteins , vitamins and minerals in they diets. To gain the nurtients that the body needs,humans have to eat a range of foods. That they should have they 5 a day too. 5. Give examples of dietary requirements including cultural needs and common allergies giving alternative foods that can be given. Here some examples of dietary requirements: Vegetarians do not eat meat or fish , but will eat poducts that come from animals like eggs and milk .

Vegans do not eat any food that from fish or animals. Jews and Muslims will eat meat only if it been killed in a certainn way. This is what is meant by koshedr and halal. Meat that been killed in this way is bought at speacialist bucthers Some children are allergic to certain types of foods. This means that I should always check with parents or carers if there are any food or drinks that children should not be given. It is also important to check the ingredient lables of food as many ingredients , such as nuts, may be included even though are not main ingredient.

Common food allergies include are nuts , Milk and dairy , seafood and strawberries. Also some children might have medical conditions like diabetes or coelice disease. If the children that coelice disease wouldn’t give them wheat,oats,barley and rye . So instead of given them a biscuits which that wheat in it , We would check the ingredient if it had it in it , would give them wheat oat barley and rye free food. 5. Describe basic food safety guidelines and explain how your setting ensures that it works within the legislation. The purchase, preparation, serving and storage of all food conforms to hygiene and safety regulations.

All crockery and cutlery is suitable for children’s use and in good repair. All baby utensils are sterilised after use. All kitchen equipment is checked and maintained regularly and kept clean. There is clean and appropriate storage and refrigeration facilities for food. Refuse is disposed of regularly and sealed in plastic bags and removed to the outside bins on a daily basis. Premises and Equipment: * The door leading to the outside of the premises has a lock that children cannot reach * All doors and safety gates on the premises are closed immediately after use * Children cannot lock doors Children are not permitted to enter the kitchen * Sharp objects or dangerous equipment are kept out of the reach of children * Glass doors and windows meet British Safety Standards; * All electrical sockets in the reach of children are covered; * Thermostatic controls are installed preventing any scalding from hot water; * All heated surfaces such as radiators are covered to prevent burning. Please keep a journal of time spent on research and work that you produce in order to ensure that you meet the required learning hours for this unit.

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