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Computer Hardware & Software

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Computer Hardware & Software:

Q1.

Mandriva Linux was developed in 1998 with one goal; to be the utmost friendly Operating system in existence. As a matter of fact, its developers hoped that it would completely replace windows. It is a novice’s OS as well as a developer’s system software. Its ease of use makes it handy for different users of varying expertise.  Mandriva Linux was formerly known as Mandrakelinux developed by Gael Duval. This software is an improvement of Linux Red hat with added utilities making it a more dynamic system. Mandrakelinux changed its name to Mandriva Linux after taking on a newly acquired Brazilian partner’s name Conectiva. Mandriva’s aesthetic interface is easy to interact with, especially for new users, hence its popularity. Additionally, it has hardware primed features that make it excellent for system support. Its versatility has easily enabled it to capture a large swathe of the desktop market and make forays into the server niche.  Each release of Mandriva goes through a 3-cycle developmental process. In the first phase, the software being relatively unstable undergoes continuous developmental changes until it is reasonable stable. At second cycle, it is released to the Mandriva community for further debugging until it is considered moderately functional. A test release is then proffered. This test release is further enhanced through the feedback on the community release. Eventually a stable official version is released.  Mandriva Linux is primarily targeted for the common user, who through the community is able to participate in its development, thus understanding its use better. This is largely the reason it has received widespread acceptability (Jang, 2006).

Q2.

A printer is a resource hog on a today’s computer central processing unit. The Operating system is able to manage a printer using printer’s inbuilt memory to buffer documents to be printed so that it does not unnecessarily hog the CPU resources. The Memory buffer registers (MBR) use the printers spooling techniques to store documents in the printer’s own memory and not in the CPU.  A printer can be managed more efficiently where the computer creates a virtual memory on the hard drive in addition to its cache memory. In such cases, printing jobs are queued in the computers cache memory for faster accessibility and processing. If they spill over, then they are held in the virtual memory created from the hard drive (Andrews, 2006).

Reference:

Andrews J., (2006).  A+ Guide to Managing And Maintaining Your PC,  Cengage Learning, (6), p 1171

Jang H. M., (2006). Linux Patch Management: keeping Linux systems up to date, Prentice Hall PTR, p18-26

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