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Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism
To understand China’s current government you need to look at its influences. Daoism involves a deep acceptance of the rhythms of nature and the way of all things (World Religions); which effects people’s personal beliefs and is one of China’s main religions. Confucianism helped pave the way for communism and still is a powerful philosophy today. The ideas of Legalism directly affect the Chinese government. Despite the fact that modern China is one of the largest countries in terms of geography and population, its communist government is able to maintain control over the country in part because of the influence of Daoism, Confucianism and, Legalism.
Daoism or Taoism is philosophical and religious tradition that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao. Laozi, Daoism’s founder believed that the way to happiness was for the people accept the things in life that happen. This influences the people because in communism they don’t fight with the laws they just follow them. Another belief of Daoism is that everything alive in the universe shares a universal life force, the connection because this belief is still believed in modern China. Taoism wants peace and stability, just like communism. Daoism beliefs helped mold China’s current government because they help unify the country with a common religion.
Confucius was a Chinese scholar born in 551 B.C. and had a deep desire to restore order and moral living to china. He influenced China with his wise words, actions and morals. One idea of Confucianism is the five relationships, which are parent and child; ruler and subject; older brother and younger brother; and wife; and lastly friend and friend. The main one that links with Communism is ruler and subject because it shows the citizens of China that they should listen to the government. The other way they are connected because of filial piety or reverence is very important in Chinese life, and was a belief of Confucianism. Another thing that connects Confucianism with today is that Confucius believed education was very important, like Chinese people today. Confucianism also believed every person was equal; Communism strives to make all people equal. The facts
states in this paragraph show that Communism and Chinese society is influenced by Confucianism because of the direct links between Confucianism and Communism. Legalism was founded by a bunch of philosophers and Legalism believes in severe punishments and laws are the key to social order. Communism and legalism have many things in common. For instance, Legalism is excessive conformity of the law or religious moral code (Merriam and Webster), like communism. A highly efficient and powerful government is another idea of legalism. Communism also has a highly efficient and powerful government, so they can maintain control over the country. The third thing that relates the two is strict laws and harsh punishments are in both forms of government. Despite the fact that modern China is one of the largest countries in terms of geography and population, its communist government is able to maintain control over the country in part because of the influence of Daoism, Confucianism and, Legalism. Daoism is the main religion of China and has a major effect on the Chinese culture and people. Confucianism helped mold China’s people and society. Legalist’s ideas are still present in China’s current government. China’s power and efficiency is attributed to its history and roots of Daoism, Confucianism, and Legalism. Works Cited
“50 Years of Communism in China.” Nytimes.com. NY Times, 1999. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. Carroll, Beverlee Jill. “The Basics of Taoism.” Taoism Basics. N.p., 2010. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. “Confucianism.” – New World Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. “Confucius Biography.” Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. Graves, Adam. “Personal Home Page.” Personal Home Page. N.p., Fall 1999. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. “The Main Concepts of Confucianism.” The Main Concepts of Confucianism. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. Pines, Yuri. “Legalism, Anicent China.” N.p., 2005. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. Ryan, Timthoy. “Join Academia.edu & Share Your Research with the World.” Centuries of Confucius Principles Established a Foundation for the Success and Acceptance of Communism in China. N.p., 2013. Web. 27 Oct. 2013.
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