Outlining the Overall Structure Ofocial Care Sector

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Part 1- P2 (500 words)-Outlining the overall structure of the social care sector. Social Care services sector’s role is to deliver social care systems which offer care equality for all individuals, while allowing people to retain their independence, dignity and control. During the past 20 years the need for social care services in the UK slightly increased. This is mainly due to demographic factors such as an increasing aging population. Therefore this means that more care and residential care homes are needed. Also, a number of women with small children, who decided to come back to work, is growing.

This means that there is a need for new nursery and pre-schools, which would look after the children. Britain has a mixed economy of care provisions. There are many types of them such as: Statutory, private, and voluntary. The statutory sector (also known as public) is fully founded by the government, from the taxes we pay. Its services are free at the point of delivery (some exceptions like dentistry and opticians). The statutory (or public) sector also includes the NHS which provides hospital services and services in the community.

The Private sector can be described as market which sells care to people. According to the statistics, 14 million people in the UK use private care in one way or another. Any individual who wishes to use private sector services has to buy the care with cash or personal insurance. However, in the past couple of years the government agreed to found private care in some circumstances. This mainly includes things like plastic surgeries for those who have been badly injured, burned. Private care sectors includes: nursing and residential care homes, abortions, bandages treatments etc.

There are advantages and disadvantages of using a private sector. One of the advantages is that private sector seems to provide a better quality care and won’t mess the service user around. Some of the disadvantages include the high costs and ethical or religious issues which can be raised. The voluntary sector is usually made up of registered charities, which don’t make any profit. They are often those who fill the gap which was left by other sectors. They usually concentrate more on social care rather than on health sector e. g. heir role is to help poor people in need. Examples of them are: Red Cross, Oxfam, and British Heart Foundation. Social Care services can be accessed by using referrals. There are 3 different types of referrals: self-referral, professional referral and third party referral, each of them involves different process. Self-referral is when individuals suspects by themselves that they have some problems with their social issues. Therefore, they self-refer to a social care specialist in order to receive the help and support that they need.

Professional referral is when a service user already contacted or used the service; however if the professional suspects any kind of underlying health problem, the patient will be referred directly to another professional. For example if the social worker suspects a child abuse in the family, he/she may refer the child to a counsellor or psychologist to sort out the problem. Third party referral, is when a non-professional person such as relative, friend or neighbour contacts with the services in order to help the individual they know about.

For example the resident of the residential care home may be referred by the home manager to see a social worker. When an individual is trying to access a social care services she/he may face some barriers which stops them from accessing the certain service. Those barriers can be: * Physical Barrier- Buildings which provide social care services may not be accessibledisabled people; especially for those who suffer from mobility problems or sensory difficulties. In order to overcome this, Disability Discrimination Act was created.

It states that all public services should be accessible for each individual. * Cultural Barrier- This occurs when a service user who is trying to access or get information about service, does not understand English language. Therefore he/she is unable to use it. In order to overcome the problem, many organisations such as SREC help those people with cultural barriers by translating documents or providing translators for them. * Financial Barrier- Most services are free at some point; however, sometimes some charges are attached to a certain types of treatment.

Some service users are unable to afford to pay them, therefore they are unable to use the service treatment. To overcome this barrier, NHS services may refund some of the treatments. * Geographical Barrier- It may be that service user lives in a rural area, very far from the place where they can receive treatments and they are unable to access it e. g. there is no bus, they do not own their own car. To overcome this government could provide transport for those who are facing geographical barriers.

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