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In the poem Daffodils, by William Wordsworth, Wordsworth explains how nature’s beauty can positively impact our lives and emotions. Wordsworth believed that all good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of emotion. In this poem, he uses an array of different figurative language to show nature’s positive effect. He uses figurative language such as simile, personification, and hyperbole. Not only does he use figurative language, but he uses selective examples of rhythm. In a rhythmic sense, he uses repetition and alliteration.
In the poem, Wordsworth is very descriptive in his words to put a clear image in the readers head. In the poem Daffodils, Wordsworth expresses examples of figurative language by using similes. A simile is used to directly compare two unlike things using like or as. A simile is a useful technique to help emphasize a certain characteristic of something or someone. The comparison used in a simile is often unusual. In the first stanza Wordsworth describes himself as “lonely as a cloud” (line 1). Also, in stanza two, Wordsworth describes the daffodils as “continuous as the stars that shine’ (line 1).
Both examples of a simile have a direct comparison to nature. When Wordsworth said “I wandered lonely as a cloud”, he was using this to explain how he was walking lonely like a single cloud wandering in the sky. When Wordsworth said “Continuous as the stars that shine” he was using this to explain how many daffodils there were. Another technique that Wordsworth uses to illustrate natures power in the poem Daffodils is personification. Personification is giving non-human things, human-like characteristics. This is a useful technique to help us feel emotion.
In the first stanza Wordsworth describes the daffodils as “fluttering and dancing in the breeze” (line 6). Also in stanza three, he describes the daffodils dancing beside the powerful waves of the ocean by saying “the out-did the sparkling waves in glee” (line 2). Both examples of personification show how happy and joyful the daffodils are. As small as daffodils are, they manage to appear more spectacular than the nightly waves of the ocean. This depiction of the flowers is meant to inspire human beings to face the challenges of the world with confidence and joy.
Lastly, in the poem Daffodils, Wordsworth uses hyperbole to illustrate nature’s depth and power. A hyperbole is a clear exaggeration of something. Hyperbole is a useful figurative language technique because it emphasizes and draws attention to a point. In stanza 2, Wordsworth uses “they stretched in never ending line” to express the quantity of the daffodils (line 3). By saying they stretched in never ending line, it shows that there were a large amount of daffodils. Also, in stanza 2, Wordsworth says “ten thousand saw I at a glance” (line 5). Once again, Wordsworth is expressing the quantity of the daffodils.
This depiction of flowers is meant to prove that there were a lot of daffodils in this one area. As you can see, in the poem Daffodils, William Wordsworth used many different figurative techniques and rhyme schemes to express the positive effect of nature’s beauty on our lives and emotions. Wordsworth believed that all good poetry is the overflow of emotion and he showed a lot of emotion in this poem. Wordsworth’s descriptive words were able to put a picture in my head. In Wordsworth’s poem, he also proved that nature is very powerful and can change your emotional state.
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